5. Pandemic (1998-2009)
Notable Games: Star Wars Battlefront, Full Spectrum Warrior, Mercenaries
An independent developer for most of its existence. this Los Angeles-based studio was yet another victim of Electronic Arts downsizing, as the publisher shut Pandemic down only two years after acquiring them. However, for nearly a decade Pandemic was a powerhouse developer specializing in third-person action games, with the studio’s most notable works occurring during the sixth console generation in the early 2000s.
Pandemic’s breakout year came in 2004, when the company released two huge titles: the tactical combat simulator Full Spectrum Warrior and the original Star Wars Battlefront, which is still widely regarded as one of the best Star Wars games ever made. Pandemic’s final game, The Sabatouer, was released for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in 2009 and though it represented a return to form after a series of disappointing releases (Mercenaries 2, Destroy All Humans), it would prove to be a sales disappointment and EA officially closed Pandemic on November 17, 2009.
http://battlefront.wikia.com/wiki/Star_Wars:_Battlefront Source: battlefront.wikia.com
4. Clover Studios (2004-2007)
Notable Games: Viewtiful Joe, Ōkami
Compared to many of the other companies on this list, the closure of Clover Studios is a little less regrettable as the studio essentially lives on as Platinum Games. However, even though Platinum is a great video game developer, its track record isn’t as consistent as Clover, which never put out a bad game (that comparison is a bit unfair considering Clover was only around for less than three years, but that track record is even more impressive considering how brief its existence was).
From 2004 – 2007, Clover released six games, including Viewtiful Joe and Ōkami, the latter of which has seen its legacy grow in the years since release. Unfortunately, neither Ōkami nor Clover’s final game God Hand were commercially successful, prompting Capcom to shutter the studio in 2007. That same year, many ex-Clover employees formed Platinum Games, the developer behind such games as Bayonetta and Nier: Automata.